JSS2 PHE, Easter Term, Lesson 4. Career Guidance in Physical and Health Education.
Learning Objectives
At the end of this lesson, students should be able to:
(i) define career;
(ii) list branches of Physical and Health Education;
(iii) discuss the different branches of Physical and health Education; and
(iv) state how to choose a career in Physical and Health Education
A career is ones total life in the word of work. It is the way of making a living, that is, your profession. At many stages in our lives, we need to plan for a career and for the changes that are part of life time work.
Different Branches of Physical and Health Education
The following areas are available to anyone who wants to build his/her career in Physical and Health Education:
(a) Administration of Physical Education Program.
(b) Athletic administration
(c) Athletic training
(d) Biomechanics
(e). Coaching
(f) Exercise Physiology
(g) Recreation
(h) Health Education
We are going to give details of each career branches Physical and Health Education listed above. The purpose is not to give an in-depth analysis of each area, but to familiarize you with many opportunities and careers in which you can specialise.
Administration of Physical Education Programme
This is an administration of who occupies the position of Head of high school or college physical education program in an organisation. The head of a high school department of physical education, dean of a school, or other administrative unit of physical education has the responsibility to head, guide and control the available human and other resources to achieve the purpose for which the department or school exists.
To be a physical education administrator, you must undergo professional undergraduate and graduate preparations. The areas to be covered should include personnel administration, finance, business administration, facility management, communications, psychology of human behaviour, and sociology of human institutions.
Administrators of physical education programme have bright future since opportunities are available not only in schools and colleges but also in sports councils and industry organizations.
Athletic Administration (Sport Director)
Sport is a rapidly developing area. The word “athletic” is being used to include all sports and the competitions that are held for each sport. So, athletic administration may involve highly competitive sports, as well as intramural and other types of sport programmes.
An athletic administrator need to have an understanding and expertise in the area of administration, know the structure and function of sports and should be an expert in public and media relations. In addition to these, the athletic administrator must understand issues like scheduling, contracts, personnel managements, budgeting, advertising, sales promotion, purchasing practices and care of equipment and supplies.
The athletic administrators must be professionally prepared by undergoing a degree in maintenance of facilities, financial accounting in psychology of coaching, legal aspects of athletic administration, communications, public relations, management information systems and crowd control.
Empowerment opportunity exist for those who have been prepared for such responsibility. With the advent of women in sports, women can also hold this position of responsibility.
Athletic Training
The number of sport related injuries has reached an alarming stage. Due to this numerous injuries, there is need for athletic trainers. Their primary duties is to help prevent injuries, provide proper emergency care and minimize the rates of injuries during sports competitions.
To be an athletic trainer, you need both personal and professional qualifications include poise, good health, intelligence, maturity, emotional stability. Compassion, ethics and fairness. A professionally qualified athletic trainer must have good knowledge of anatomy and physiology, conditioning, nutrition, taping, methodology for preventing injury and proactive equipment.
The duties and responsibilities of the athletic trainer include;
(a) Care and prevention of sports injuries;
(b) Development of conditioning programmes for various sports;
(c) Serving as liaison with physician and athletes;
(d) Seeing to the provision of safe sports equipment and facilities;
(e) Preparing and processing injury reports;
(f) Receiving physical examination of athletes;
(g) Administryiing first aid to injured athletes; and
(h) Applying protective and injury prevention devices like bandage, straps and braces. Both the male and the female individuals are needed as athletic trainers. Apart from sport, athletic trainer could also be hired in physical therapy clinics, health spas and other places associated with physical fitness and sport.
Lesson to be continued in our next class.
Evaluation exercise
1. What career?
2. List five careers in PHE.




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