Lesson Objectives:
At the end of this lesson, every student should be able to:
1. Define group behaviour.
2. Identify types of group behaviour.
3. Distinguish between different types of group behaviour.
4. Mention the benefits of positive group behaviours.
Meaning of Group
A group is a number of persons who share a feeling of belonging and therefore interact with one another. There are two types of group that exist in the society. Namely- primary and secondary group which we have treated in detail at JSS1.
Features of Groups
The following are the features of groups:
1. Members of groups have frequent dealings with one another.
2. Group members share a common goal.
3. There are rules and regulations that guides the conduct of members of the group.
4. Groups often develop rules which clearly state the rights and privileges of each member, the duties of the leaders and how the leaders shall be elected or selected.
5. They devise some means of communication, so that members can share informations easily.
6. They have common focus, objectives and aspirations.
7. They try to achieve their common goals through combind effort.

Group behaviour: This is a unique way in which people with similar social traits behave and interact in order to achieve a common goal. It involves collective actions by either a small group (e.g. the family) or a large group (e.g.protesters).
1. Communal Labour Group: Communal labour group refers to the work of a group of people who do some jobs for a community, usually free of charge. This is done to assist community members. It is does, collective efforts that brings about progress in the society.
2. Acts of Patriotism: This refers to a situation when citizens act their part nobly to defend their country or community. In patriotic acts, citizens toil, make sacrifices, suffer and sometimes even die to receive the wants and pains of their community or nation. Patriotic behaviour is civic duty demanded of every citizens
3. Mass Action. This refers to a situation where a large number of people react to the occurance of an incident. For example, when a vehicle hits a person, people around will rally round the person- here some might even wrongly vented their anger by either destroying the vehicle or hurting the driver. Some good samaritans may also rush the accident victim to the hospital. Mass action or mob actions cannot be easily curb.
4. Protect March: This is often seen when embarked on a protest strike march, usually against a government policy that is not favourable to the masses. It can also be when several unions, including, for example, ‘city teachers’ union and other groups come together on a march or a rally, usually with placards, slogans, loud-speakers and podiums. When there is an issue that is important, a protest march can help to educate a crowd and raise public awareness.
5. Participating in a Fight: Despite it illegallity, people still train and are preparing to participate in fights. An example is #EndSARS protest that took place on the 14-21st October 2020. This was a means where Nigeria Youths utilizes to demand for their rights.
Group bebaviour can be constructive or destructive. Constructive behaviours are ways that get the group’s work done, or those that assist with the smooth operation of the group. Destructive behaviours, on the other hand, are ways that often results in hurting feelings of people, or those in authourity. Let us now look at the characteristics of constructive and destructive behaviour.
Characteristics of Constructive Groups
1. The group is willing to compromise with another party, in order to resolve an issue. For instance, the National Union of Teachers (NUT) has met several times with the Federal Government in order to resolve the issue of salary.
2. They do not use aggression, or destroy infrastructure and property of innocent people in order to get the attention of some individuals.
3. It has an organsational structure and an administrative pattern, e.g. trade unions and pressure groups.
4. They make use of peaceful demonstration.
5. The interest of the society, as well as of members, is of great importance.
6. They respect government and other people’s property.
Characteristics of Destructive Groups
1. They resort to violence and force to achieve their goals.
2. They refuse to compromise or give in to the other party.
3. Most times, members use the group to satisfy their personal interests.
4. They withhold information that can be used to resolve an issue.
5. They can spread rumours about a person, an organization or the governmen.
The following are some of the benefits of positive group behaviour:
1. Companionship: People that share similar traits always feel connected to each other. In essence, they develop a friendship that may cut across different ethnic groups or countries (e.g. class mates). This attitude promotes understanding and unity in society.
2. Achievements: When people work together as a group, they are able to achieve more than what a single individual could do, using the same resources and time. For instance, the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) has been able to force government to reduce the price of petroleum products several times. The Nigeria Medical Association (NMA) has been able to compel government to improve on the health facilities available in the country.
3. Effective Avenue for Change: Positive group behaviour can compel government to adopt policies and programs that can be of great benefit to members of the society. For instance, as a results the increasing number of motorcycle accidents, some governments have banned commercial motorcycle (okada) riders from some streets.
4. Security: Positive groups behaviours provides security for defenseless members of the society who have been denied of their rights. These groups protect these people from further humiliation, and also help them to seek justice for the pains they have gone through.
5. Affiliation and Status: Some groups are affiliated to internatiomal organisations abroad, therefore, making them a powerful group to be reckoned with. Also, people who display positive group behaviour serve as role models. This is because people look up to them as human rights defenders who help to protect and speak on behalf of members od the society. As a result of their selfless service, some members have won a lot of awards, both home and abroad.
Home work
1.Define positive group.
2. State three benefits of a positive group behaviour.


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